Which type of folder permissions takes precedence?
Permissions assigned directly to a particular file or folder (explicit permissions) take precedence over permissions inherited from a parent folder (inherited permissions).
When Share and NTFS permissions are used together, the most restrictive permissions are chosen by default. For example, if NTFS permissions are set to “Everyone Modify Allow”, and Share permissions are set to “Everyone Read Allow”, the Share permissions will override the NTFS permissions as they are more restrictive.
If the share permissions are “Read”, NTFS permissions are “Full control”, when a user accesses the file on the share, they will be given “Read” permission. If the share permissions are “Full Control”, NTFS permissions are “Read”, when a user accesses the file on the share, they will still be given a “Read” permission.
When you share a folder on an NTFS volume, both shared folder permissions and NTFS permissions combine to secure file resources. Shared folder permissions provide limited security for resources. You gain the greatest flexibility by using NTFS permissions to control access to shared folders.
When working within a certain permission type (sharing or NTFS), permissions are cumulative. The most lenient setting wins for a particular user or group. Deny always overrides Allow and negates any permission with which it conflicts.
What are NTFS permissions?
NTFS permissions are a set of permissions used in Microsoft Windows NT to secure folders and files on an NTFS file system partition. NTFS permissions provide security for both local and network access to the file system.
What happens when you move a file with NTFS permissions to a different NTFS volume?
When you move a folder or file to a different NTFS partition, the folder or file inherits the permissions of the destination folder. When you move a folder or file between partitions, Windows Server 2003 copies the folder or file to the new location and then deletes it from the old location.
Share permissions can be used with NTFS, FAT and FAT32 file systems. There are three types of share permissions: Full Control, Change and Read.
What takes precedence when assigned permissions?
Permissions applied directly to an object (explicit permissions) take precedence over permissions inherited from a parent (for example from a group). Permissions inherited from near relatives take precedence over permissions inherited from distant predecessors.
How would you determine the effective permissions when both NTFS permissions and share permissions apply? You look at the most permissive permission on each and then compare NTFS and Share look at the most restrictive of the two sets.
How do I change NTFS permissions?
To set NTFS permissions, right-click on a folder or file and select “Properties”, then go to the “Security” tab to select permissions or click on “Advanced” for further settings and special permissions.
Compared to Grant Access, Share has a bit more functionality. For “Grant Access”, you can only share the files you need to share with the people by email address. At the same time, you can choose to give this person permission for the file, for example, you can choose “Can view” or “Can edit”.
One strategy for providing access to resources on an NTFS volume is to share folders with the default shared folder permissions and then control access by assigning NTFS permissions. When you share a folder on an NTFS volume, both shared folder permissions and NTFS permissions combine to secure file resources.
Which permissions should not be assigned using NTFS?
Avoid giving users the Full Control permission. Full Control enables users to change NTFS permissions, which average users should not need to do. Modify rights should be all that’s necessary for most users.